25th April 2016, Kathmandu
On April 24, a conference on Rebuilding Nepal: Protecting and Promoting the Rights of the Affected Communities was organized by Humanitarian Accountability Monitoring Initiative (HAMI) in Barpak, epicenter of Gorkha earthquake of 25 april 2015, of Gorkha district. HAMI is the convergence of the Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) working with the right holders (women, children, indigenous nationalities, Dalit, youth, senior citizens, and persons with disability, LGBTIs, and other marginalised and excluded groups). The common cause of this convergence is monitoring the humanitarian accountability in the time of emergency, that is, post-disaster emerged due to a devastating earthquake in Nepal. As of now, there are 13 organizations associated with HAMI.
Jagriti Child and Youth Concern (JCYC) Nepal is one of the core members of HAMI. On behalf of JCYC Nepal, Mr. Tilottam Paudel, president, actively participated in the conference. Some of the participants included Mr. Rabindra Adhikari and Ms. Ranjana Sarkar, parliamentarians from CPN (UML), Mr. Jeevan Pariyar and Mr. Badri Pandey, parliamentarians from Nepali congress, Cham Bahadur Gurung, CPN (Maoist) parliamentarian from Gorkha-3, and Mr. Ram Narayan Bidari from CPN (Maoist). Dr. Padam Khatiwada chaired the conference. Similarly, Mr. Tilottam Paudel convey vote of thanks.
Around 500 participants consisting of affected communities, policy makers, parliamentarians, representatives of political parties, civil society representatives, experts, academicians, and activists were presented in the conference.
A copy of Barpak Declaration is attached herein.
Rebuilding Nepal: Protecting and Promoting the Rights of the
25 April 2016
We, the Participants of the Barpak Conference on “Rebuilding Nepal: Protecting and Promoting the Rights of the Affected Communities”
We express our profound sorrow and solidarity with all the communities of the unprecedented
catastrophe that struck us in the form of a major earthquake of 7.6 magnitude on 25 April 2015
and the consequent aftershocks. We offer our heartfelt condolences to all those who have lost
loved ones and pray for the departed souls. We appreciate the generous and overwhelming
expressions of support and assistance offered by the Government of Nepal, civil society
organizations (CSOs), international community, private sector, and the Nepali diaspora. We are
inspired beyond words by the tenacity and resilience of the affected people, and by the ingenuity of communities in coping with the disaster through indigenous and local knowledge, resources and techniques.
We are concerned about social justice and economic, social and cultural rights in the multicultural landscape of quake affected areas constituted by a diverse population. We realise the need of strengthening the voice of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) across Nepal for generating efforts to ensure the rights of the affected people and communities based on the principle of humanitarian accountability, and by complying with the international instruments on human rights and humanitarian laws. We believe in channelizing funds for Nepal’s reconstruction based on and as mandated by the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and Accra Agenda for Action (AAA), Bussan Outcome Document, policies framed for sustainable development goals (SDGs), as well as Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA).
We, nearly 500 participants including affected communities, policy makers, parliamentarians,
political leaders, CSO representatives, Academicians, Activists and experts of the Barpak
Conference gathered at the epicentre of the devastating earthquake on 25 April 2016 summon
and declare as follows:
Summon and Declaration
1. We are deeply concerned about the democratic participation of people and communities
during reconstruction process. We urge the government to immediately materialise
reconstruction process by promoting the use of local resources and indigenous
knowledge with full respect of local culture, customs and needs of local communities.
2. While recalling the Government’s responsibility of ensuring civil, political, economic,
social and cultural rights as fundamental rights of the people, we wish to draw attention
of the Government to ensure that all the procedures, plans and processes for
reconstruction are inclusive and human rights friendly. To this end, we are equally
committed to perform our duty for the sake of the affected communities.
3. The Government must be aware that the current policy provision excludes landless and
women in post-earthquake reconstruction process, therefore, we urge the Government
to develop special mechanisms towards fulfilling the rights of vulnerable communities such
as landless, women and single women, people with disability.
4. We are committed to critically monitor all humanitarian and development initiatives for
reconstruction by the Government as well as international community, especially from
the point of view of the principle of continual improvement and respecting dignity of the
affected people and communities.
5. Government and the political parties should take initiative to approve the draft Disaster
Management Bill as soon as possible that ensures meaningful participation of CSOs in all
phases of disaster management.
6. We urge both the Government and international communities to respect and implement
the law and policy system that exist in the country in terms of receiving any support,
monetary and non-monetary, cooperation from international communities. The
Government should create an enabling environment for the CSOs so that they engage
themselves in monitoring the post-disaster situation so that the most affected
communities’ needs are met.
7. We are equally concerned that the Government should guarantee optimum utilization of
available financial resources. We ask the Government to adopt “Zero Tolerance to
Corruption”. Transparency and accountability should be fully ensured for programming,
budgeting and implementation.
8. We call upon the Government and all aid agencies to focus their activities on reinstating
the sustainable livelihood in the affected areas, thereby promoting self-reliant economy,
ensuring food security and self-employment. We ask the Government and international
agencies to encourage the affected people get involved in productive sectors and revive
the supply chain system.
9. We urge the Government for the soonest enactment of Land Use Act that provisions
scientific land zoning. Reorganizations of settlements and urban development plans
especially for those landless due to various reasons are required through geological
studies throughout the country. We also recommend that the Government should amend
land acquisition act as soon as possible, which is prerequisite for reconstruction works.
10. We urge the Government, political parties and concerned authorities to immediately
schedule the implementation of the new Constitution promulgated on 20 September 2015
ensuring election to the local government and pave way for a meaningful participation of
elected local representatives in the reconstruction and resettlement initiatives.
11. We are committed from our respective level for the development of Barpak, the
Epicentre of the Devastating Earthquake, a historic and memorial place with archives
tower, and garden and other developmental infrastructure.
Among the Participants of the Conference:
· Humanitarian Accountability Monitoring Initiative (HAMI)
· Himalayan Conservation Group (HCG)
· Community Self Reliant Centre (CSRC)
· Nepal Community Development Monitoring Centre (NCDMC)
· OXFAM Nepal