Introduction

Concern Universal Bangladesh (CUB), with financial support of Cordaid, has implemented a capacity building project on Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). The project has started from June 2010, initially for eighteen months, in partnership with 64 NGOs from Bangladesh, India and Nepal. The goal of the project is “to effectively integrate community-based climate change adaption and community managed disaster risk reduction into the socio- economic development process of local people in the targeted areas to facilitate sustainable and equitable development”.

Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) Forum Nepal has been established in December of 2010. Jagriti Child and Youth Concern Nepal (JCYCN), HIMAWANTI, Hoste Hainse, HRELIC Nepal and Women and Children Development Forum (WCDF) have been initially involved in capacity building project on DRR and CCA since its initiation. As of December 2013, 40 non-governmental organizations have become member of the forum.

After devastating earthquake of 2015, CMDRR Forum Nepal along with collaboration and coordination of other NGOs like JCYCN, ESDO-Nepal, Ideal Investor Group, Islamic Medical Association Nepal (IMAN), Sinergi Foundation Indonesia, Albarari Dubai UAE with the coordination of Suraj Maharjan individual Youth Circle from Devdaha Rupandehi, Youth Circle form Biratnagar, and National Public Health Advocacy and Research Foundationt provided immediate rescue and relief materials to earthquake affected communities. During post-earthquake, CMDRR Forum managed to reach around 1,000 households in districts like Sindupalchok (Sirubari VDC), Rasuwa (Laharepauwa VDC), Kavre (Nasikasthan VDC), and Gorkha district.

Why a CMDRR Forum?

Frequency of natural disaster is increasing day-by-day due to climate change, global warming and due to their impacts. Climate change is disturbing global weather patterns that’s why we have been experiencing global average temperature rise, untimely rainfall, erratically changing humidity, rising sea level and many more. Climate change issues, its impacts, and adaptation measures should be understood and implemented very seriously. Likewise, risks and vulnerabilities of climate change should be segregated. Since disaster related issues are national and global, one individual or an organization alone cannot recede effects of climate change. Therefore, joint effort is needed for coping mechanisms, which would optimistically forestall disaster havoc, from community to global level. Hence, CMDRR Forum Nepal is formed. The forum moves towards collaboration, cooperation and coordination in disaster risk reduction areas. The joint force enabled by CMDRR Forum can also lobby with government and policy-makers to address climate change issues.

 Vision  

  • To provide safe and sustainable livelihood options for communities despite the absence of multiple hazards at all times, including during the aftermath of disasters.

Mission

  • Capacity building of member organizations in CMDRR process;
  • Coordination, collaboration and linkage between member organizations to foster sustainable development;
  • Facilitate member organizations in integrating planning processes, and knowledge and technology transfer in local communities;
  • Support member organizations in implementing CMDRR and climate change adaptation and mitigation program as a cross cutting issues in their projects;
  • Sharing information, experiences, strategies, good practices, news and events; and
  • Advocacy at policy level, lobbying, campaigning and conducting issue-based dialogue to facilitate CMDRR and climate change adaptation.

 Purpose

  • Substantial focus on community-managed disaster risk reduction and surrounding environment;
  • Coordinate partner organizations’ linkage to foster shared understanding and conceptual clarity;
  • Collaborative involvement for positive DRR and capacity building efforts;
  • Improving partner organization’s risk reduction process;
  • Supporting partner organization’s capacity building initiatives;
  • Sharing information and learning about strategies, good practices, news and events amongst member organizations; and
  • Conducting policy advocacy/ issue- based dialogue towards facilitating a smooth paradigm shift.

 Activities

Some of the activities organized by CMDRR Forum Nepal are given below:

  • Participation on Airport cleaning program organized by AYON and other organizations on 2010;
  • Handover of memorandum to the President on 2010;
  • Signature collection campaign organized by CMDRR Forum Nepal for environment protection on World Environment Day on June 4 and 5, 2011;
  • Collected signature and memorandum handed over to the Environment Minister, Ministry of Environment on June 13, 2011;
  • Climate Change and DRR related draft curriculum and memorandum handed over to then education minister, Mr. Ganga lal Tuladhar, in 2011;
  • Experience sharing through documentation of best practices, exposure visit, research and so on;
  • Bi-monthly meeting of five founding member organizations;
  • Participation on different meetings organized by government of Nepal and other institutions;
  • Advocacy on national and international level;
  • Capacity building of member organizations;
  • Organization of national level sharing meet in 2011, 2012, and 2013;
  • Exposure visit of Bangladesh on years 2010, 2011, and 2012 by 30 participants altogether. Likewise, exposure visit of Nepal by team from Bangladesh of 15 participants altogether;
  • Organization of district level sharing meeting at Nawalparasi, Makwanpur, Lalitpur, and Kaski;
  • Collaboration with Kathmandu Metropolitan City to organize an interaction program on the occasion of World Environment Day 2013;
  • Participation on the program organized by AYON on the occasion of Disaster Day on October 9, 2013;
  • Organization of CMDRR Forum member organizations meeting on December 12, 2013;
  • Organization of national level sharing meet on December 24, 2013; and
  • Distribution of rescue and relief materials to earthquake affected populations in various districts during emergency period.